Every year, 4th February is observed as “ World Cancer Day ”. Its celebration signifies the effort by United Nation (UN), World Health Organization (W.H.O) and government sectors as well as non government sector to fight against cancer. The purpose behind celebration of this day is not only to create awareness between people also to encourage its prevention, detection and treatment. It is led by Union for International Cancer Control (UICC). More than four hundred member’s organizations across 120 counties endorsed this leading cancer fighting organization (UICC).
Talking about the history of this day, it was formed in the year of 1933 Geneva, Switzerland under Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) with the association and support of the prominent cancer societies of world, treatment centers, research institutes and patient groups. Objective behind this day is not only create awareness and educate people about spreading, sign and symptoms of this disease, preventive measures and risk of epidemic diseases but also to save millions of people from this dangerous diseases.
According to the reports, more than seven million people died because of cancer and over 12.7 million people undergo cancer diagnosis. Cancer is the leading and biggest cause of death in whole world. According to the World Health Organization (W.H.O), from 2005 to 2015, 84 million people will die because of cancer without any intervention.
The leading type of cancer in whole world is “Lung Cancer and it is at the top of all the types of cancer. About 1.3 million people died per year because of lung cancer. Beside lung cancer, stomach, colorectal, liver and breast cancer are also leading types of cancer. In middle and low income countries, more than 70% of people because of cancer.
The cancer is also in our country Pakistan. Smoking is the leading cause of cancer in Pakistan, Dr Samar Mubarak (Member Science and Technology, Planning Commission of Pakistan and former chairman National Engineering & Scientific Commission (NESCOM). According to the expertise of doctors, this disease will become a common cause of death by 2020. People over thirty years of age are more vulnerable to this disease.
According to the doctors and health physician, the causes of cancer are smoking, drinking alcohol, inactive lifestyles unhealthy diet, obesity, infection and exposure. These all causes can be managed and 90% disease can be cured if it diagnose early.
At the end of this, I would like to say if you want to protect yourself from this dangerous disease, avoid smoking and all things related to it like pan, Ghotka etc and live healthy and active life. Early detection can save your life.